Cats come in an incredible range of colors and patterns, including solid, tabby, tortoiseshell and calico. While these are the most common types of cat coat colorations, there are actually many others that are more unique. In this article, we’ll take a look at the most popular cat colors and patterns, and even give you a bonus of different coat textures as well.
The 20 Most Popular Cat Colors and Patterns
1. Solid Black
This is one of the most common cat colors. A solid black coat gives cats a sleek, sophisticated look that many find appealing. However, black cats are also the least likely to be adopted because many people see them as superstitious or unlucky. Of course, this is untrue. Black cats are just as wonderful as any other color.
2. Solid White
The opposite to solid black cats, these cats have a bright and eye-catching white coat that stands out in a crowd. Solid white cats often have green or blue eyes because the genes are closely linked. It’s also worth noting that up to 80% of white cats with blue eyes are deaf, while only up to 22% of white cats with non-blue eyes are born deaf. The deafness gene is closely linked to eye and coat color as well.
The tabby pattern is probably the most recognizable of all cat coats and can be found in both short-haired and long-haired varieties. This type of coloration usually features stripes or swirls of different shades on the body, legs, and face. The primary tabby patterns are orange tabby and gray tabby, but there are sub patterns as well depending on the exact location and pattern of the stripes.
Tortoiseshell cats feature patches of three distinct colors. They are usually primarily black, with orange and white patches or flecking throughout their coat. Tortoiseshells can also be dilute, with patches of light gray, orange, and white or cream. Most tortoiseshell cats are female because of the gene that gives the cat this coloration requiring two copies of the X chromosome.
A calico cat is similar to a tortoiseshell in that three colors make up the pattern. The most common combination is black, orange, and white. But instead of the white and orange displaying on a largely black background, the black and orange display on a largely white background, and the colors are displayed in blotches instead of patches or flecking. Calicos can also be dilute, and most calico cats are female as well.
6. Reverse Calico
A reverse calico cat has the same coloring as a regular calico, but their dark patches are replaced with light colors while the lighter patches are replaced with dark colors. Common color combinations include black-and-white, gray-and-orange, or cream-and-black.
Blue cats have a slate gray or blue-gray coat coloration that gives them an icy look. The eyes are typically blue or green. Common breeds with a blue coloring include the Russian Blue, British Shorthair, and Chartreux, among others.
Red can range from light orange to a deep red-brown. The red coloration is quite rare among domestic cats. because it is a recessive trait, and both of a cat’s patterns would have to carry the red gene in order for it to be expressed in the kittens. However, most “red” or orange cats that you’ll see will display the tabby pattern rather than being solid red.
A smoked cat has a coat that is white at the roots, but gray, silver, or black toward the tips of their fur. This coloration is common in long-hair cats, such as the Maine Coon or Norwegian Forest Cat.
These cats are composed of two different colors, such as black and white or red and white. The face, chest and belly are usually one color while the rest of the body is another color. Tuxedo cats are a good representation of this color combination, but bi-color cats can be found in a wide variety of other colors as well.
11. Shaded Silver
This type of cat has a silvery-white coat with darker shading on its head and tail. It’s common in Persians and other fluffy breeds. The shaded pattern can also be seen in other colors such as red or blue.
Pointed cats feature a lighter colored body with darker points on their ears, face, tail, and paws. This pattern is commonly seen in Siamese and Himalayan cats. One example is chocolate point. Chocolate point cats have lighter bodies and chocolate points on their face, ears, and tail. Other “points” are lilac points and seal points.
Marbled cats feature swirls or blotches of two or more colors in their coat patterning, making them look almost like a marble. This type of cat is quite rare and usually only seen in wild cats of Asian descent.
Cow cats feature traditional black blotches on a white coat. This pattern can be found in both short and long-haired varieties.
Tuxedo cats have a specific type of bicoloration. They have black fur on their bodies with white patches on their faces, chests, and paws. They also have white whiskers, giving them the appearance of wearing a tuxedo.
Cinnamon cats are similar to orange cats, but they have a warmer brown coloration. Cinnamon cats are rare as it occurs from a mutation of the black color gene. But the color is common in the Abyssinian breed.
17. Lynx Point
These cats have a light-colored body with darker points on the face, ears, and tail. The points are usually stripes of gray or brown in color, giving these cats a unique look which can make them look similar to the wild Lynx.
The cameo pattern is relatively new and features a diluted orange coloration, making the cats look almost pink. The body, face, ears, and tail may have slightly darker color to them.
A fawn cat usually has a light sandy-brown coloring that resembles the fur of deer or antelope. Lilac cats are more of a diluted gray that can make a cat look light purple in certain lights. These are both rare colourations and are generally only seen in purebred cats that are bred to display these colors.
Chinchilla cats have a very light grayish-white base coat with black tipping on the fur around their face, ears and tails. This type of cat is often seen in Longhaired varieties such as Persian or Himalayan cats.
An Explanation of the Different Coat Types and Textures
When it comes to cats and their fur, there are many different coat colors, patterns, fur types, and textures to choose from. From smooth Shorthairs and longhaired Persians to curly Rexes and downy Burmillas, the possibilities are almost endless. No matter what type of cat you have, make sure to brush their coat regularly in order to keep it healthy and looking its best.
Featured Image Credit: Kanashi, Pixabay