The Havanese and Maltese are small dog breeds, and both are affectionate, loyal, and intelligent. They even look alike! While there are similarities between these two dog breeds, there are also a few differences to be aware of. As a prospective pet owner, you owe it to yourself and your new pup to learn all that you can about the Havanese and the Maltese before deciding which breed is right for your household.
At a Glance
As the National Dog of Cuba, the Havanese was first bred in Havana during the 16th century. They were renowned for their small size and gentle disposition and grew in popularity throughout the country. In the 18th century, this little dog was introduced to other parts of the world, including France, Spain, and England, via ships. The Havanese became all the rage in England, and Queen Victoria proudly kept two of her own. Eventually, they made their way to the United States, where they remain beloved pets today.
Personality / Character
The Havanese has a reputation for being super friendly and outgoing. These sociable dogs are generally good with children and other pets alike, and they enjoy being outdoors and traveling with their human companions. They can sometimes be stubborn, especially during training sessions. Therefore, patience is sometimes necessary. These excitable dogs don’t need much space to run and play due to their size, but they definitely tend to look for a lap to snooze during their downtime.
This small dog breed is as willing and able to participate in obedience and agility training from the time that they are puppies. Their attentive personality makes it easy to maintain control, though they do have a stubborn side that can become a problem if too many distractions are happening around them. They tend to learn quickly, but they seem to take longer than some other breeds to housetrain. Consistency is the key.
Like all dog breeds, the Havanese require daily exercise to stay healthy, strong, and happy throughout their life. Fortunately, they don’t need that much. A 20-minute walk and at least 10 minutes of active playtime can keep this breed in good shape. That said, trips to the dog park, visits to the beach, and hikes in the woods are all activities that most Havanese enjoy. Hide-and-seek and puzzle toys are great exercise options when it is not possible to go outdoors.
A Havanese has a silky coat that’s soft to the touch, but it can get tangled and knotted if it is not combed or brushed regularly. Owners should aim to brush their dog at least twice a week to keep the coat soft and luxurious. These dogs naturally have long hair, but they can get haircuts for easier maintenance and a cooling effect during the summer months. These dogs don’t typically shed much, whether their coat is kept long or short.
The Havanese is a generally healthy and lively dog breed. However, there are a few health conditions that they may be predisposed to, depending on things like breeding practices and environment.
The conditions that prospective owners should be aware of include:
Havanese dogs are wonderful family pets that can get along well in households with or without kids. They also make great companions for seniors who live alone. These dogs can live in apartment and house settings and don’t need a yard to hang out in, though they do need to get outdoors for exercise and play daily.
It is believed that the Maltese is thousands of years old and was traded at the crossroads of Malta, where pilgrims, merchants, and explorers from around the world would gather to barter. According to the American Kennel Club, Maltese were likely introduced to Malta before the rise of Greece by the Phoenicians. However, there are many different scholars with theories about the Maltese’s history, with some saying that they were conceived in Egypt, and others theorizing that the Alps was the breed’s origin.
Personality / Character
These adorable dogs are highly affectionate, smart, and impressively responsive to their human companions. They tend to be trusting, even of strangers, so it’s important to keep a close eye on them when they’re out in public. These lively dogs love to play and learn new tricks. They can be snappy with young children if there’s teasing, tail pulling, and all-around rowdiness. Overall, though, these dogs are joys to spend time with.
The Maltese is an outgoing dog breed that takes well to training, especially if it starts while they are still puppies. One thing for owners to keep in mind is that these dogs have a way of getting what they want, and they try to do their own thing occasionally. Therefore, training should be ongoing throughout their life, which means commands like “sit,” “stay,” and “come” should be practiced regularly.
Like the Havanese, the Maltese needs about 30 minutes of exercise each day to ensure a high quality of life. They enjoy moderate strolls around the neighborhood, games of fetch in the yard, and time on an agility course (a DIY course in the backyard works fine!). They also like to explore their fenced yard during the day. Without daily exercise, these dogs can get destructive due to pent-up energy and boredom.
Maltese have long, luscious hair like Havanese do. Therefore, they require brushing at least twice a week. Their coats can be trimmed or cut to a style for easier grooming, and baths should be given only when they are visually dirty. Too much bathing can lead to dry skin and a brittle coat that is not pleasant to brush or stroke.
There are a few health conditions that the Maltese breed is susceptible to, and knowing about them can help owners catch them early so healthcare can be started before things get too serious.
The conditions that you should know about are:
The Maltese is a great dog for families with older kids, singles, and seniors. They can be snappy with young children and should be supervised whenever they’re around them. That said, these are fun-loving dogs that are loyal to their human companions and love social settings. When socialized from a young age, they can enjoy meeting new dogs and don’t mind living with other household pets. They can live in apartments or houses, though they prefer having a fenced yard to play in.
Which Breed Is Right for You?
Deciding whether the Maltese or Havanese is the right breed for your household comes down to your preferences. It’s a good idea to spend time with each breed to get a feel for their personalities and temperaments. Keep in mind that every dog is unique, no matter their breed, so just because one Maltese or Havanese doesn’t meld with your family doesn’t mean another won’t.
Featured Image Credit: Top – Havanese (Dennis Bautista, Pexels) | Bottom – Maltese (dole777, Unsplash)