There are few things more adorable than a sneezing kitten. However, it is important to remember that sneezing may indicate a more serious problem. Like humans, cats can catch colds or develop other infections that can impact their health.
While an occasional sneeze is nothing to worry about, frequent sneezing is abnormal and must be investigated by a veterinarian. In this article, we will go over the reasons why your kitten may be sneezing and what to do about it.
The 8 Reasons Your Kitten is Sneezing
1. External Irritant
If you’ve ever walked into a heavily perfumed room and sneezed, you understand how external irritants can induce sneezing. Our kittens are the same way; if dust or other allergens fill the room, your kitten may experience a sneezing fit.
External irritants can be as dangerous as chemicals or toxins or as non-threatening as everyday household supplies. Some examples of external irritants include:
Countless tiny particles can be irritants for your kitten. If you suspect your cat is sneezing due to an external irritant, try to pinpoint the item and remove it from your home, if possible. If that’s impossible, limit your cat’s access to the room where the irritant is kept or used.
Feline asthma is a chronic respiratory condition, like in humans. It causes inflammation of the lungs and airways, leading to obstruction of breathing. This can cause persistent coughing or sneezing.
If you aren’t sure your kitten has asthma, there are some key signs you can watch out for. If your kitten breathes loudly or appears to have trouble breathing, that can indicate asthma. You may also notice that your cat coughs often, which may resemble gagging.
Asthma can be worsened by allergens (such as dust or pollen) and stress. If you believe your kitten has asthma, take him to the vet immediately for a proper diagnosis and management plan. If heightened emotional states worsen your kitten’s asthma, try to reduce your cat’s tension by minimizing the stressors in the home.
3. Foreign Object
Cats are notoriously curious, and young kittens are even more so. If you’ve noticed your cat sneezing more often than usual, it is possible that he stuck his nose into something he shouldn’t have.
Foreign objects can get lodged in your kitten’s nose and trigger a sneezing response. Sneezing can often dislodge small objects and eject them from the nose, but in some cases, the foreign item is too stuck to be easily removed. In that instance, you must take your cat to the vet for it to be removed. Under no circumstances should you attempt to remove the item yourself.
4. Upper Respiratory Infections (URIs)
Upper respiratory infections (URIs) affect your kitten’s nose, mouth, sinuses, and throat. These infections can be caused by different infectious agents, such as viruses, and are generally contagious. The most common URIs are feline herpesvirus and feline calicivirus. However, there are many other infections grouped into the category of URIs.
While many URIs are not considered medical emergencies in adult cats, the effects can be much more prominent in young kittens. Some URIs can lead to depression and lack of appetite, which can quickly become fatal in young kittens.
Signs of a URI include inflammation and drainage of the nose and throat, as well as drainage from the eyes. If you notice any of these signs, make an appointment with your vet immediately.
5. Dental Disease
It may sound odd, but dental disease can contribute to excessive sneezing in cats. The roots of your kitten’s teeth are very close to his nasal passages. If they develop an infection, the barrier between the root and the nasal passage can become damaged. When the barrier is penetrated, pieces of your kitten’s food may enter the nasal passage, causing him to sneeze.
Dental disease is painful, so it is important to reach out to your vet the moment you notice it. Signs that your kitten suffers from periodontal disease include excessive drooling, foul breath, bloody saliva, discolored tartar on the teeth, and frequent pawing at the face or head. You may also notice your kitten struggling to eat. He may drop food from his mouth, have difficulty swallowing, or refuse to eat.
6. Bacterial Infections
Bacterial infections often occur after another infection has already damaged your kitten’s nasal passages. The most common secondary nasal bacterial infections are Bordetella, chlamydia, and mycoplasma. While specific signs of each infection may differ, a green or yellow discharge from the eyes or nose is a clear sign of a bacterial infection.
If you suspect your kitten is battling a bacterial infection, you must make an appointment with your vet for the proper treatment.
Neoplasia is another word for a nasal tumor. This tumor occurs when the cells lining the nasal passage experience uncontrolled production. In cats, nasal tumors are most often nasal lymphoma.
Why your kitten may develop a nasal tumor isn’t entirely known. Several risk factors are believed to be involved, including environmental factors such as exposure to cigarette smoke or urban pollution. Genetic factors may also contribute to the development of these tumors. Likewise, cats who have experienced the feline leukemia virus or feline immunodeficiency virus are also at higher risk.
8. Fungal Infections
It is less likely that your kitten has developed a fungal infection, but it is not impossible. One of the most common fungi to cause sneezing in cats is called Cryptococcus. Cryptococcus impacts the respiratory tract with a heavy focus on the nasal cavities. The infection can spread to the eyes, skin, and central nervous system.
If Cryptococcus infects your kitten, you may notice nasal discharge, masses in the nostrils, and hard swelling beneath the skin and over the nose. Your kitten’s skin may also develop small bumps that are either soft or firm. Take your cat to the vet if you notice these signs.
How to Determine if Your Cat’s Sneezing Is Due to External Factors or Illness
It can be difficult to tell whether your kitten is sneezing due to an external irritant or an illness. When in doubt, you should always take your kitten to the vet. Still, there are some steps you can take to determine the reason for the sneezing.
First, consider your cat’s environment. Look around your home and identify possible irritants. Once you’ve identified all of the potential irritants, record where and when these items are used. Then, ask yourself the following questions:
By asking yourself these questions, you can narrow down the root of your cat’s sneezing. You may be able to connect your cat’s sneezing to certain products in your home, or maybe you’ll realize that there is no connection at all. Either way, you will have learned something new about your cat’s sneezing that you can report to your vet.
When Should You Visit the Vet?
If your cat sneezes infrequently and inconsistently, there is probably no reason for concern. He may have a little dust in his nose. If your kitten is sneezing consistently but does not appear to have any signs of illness, monitor him closely for a few days and see if it goes away. If the sneezing does not go away or worsens, visit your vet. Likewise, if you notice other signs that have been listed above, you should contact your vet.
While sneezing may seem like a minor issue, it can be indicative of a much more severe issue. If you are ever concerned for your kitten’s health, do not hesitate to contact your vet, especially since young kittens are more susceptible to illnesses than older cats. Your vet can make the proper diagnosis and form an effective treatment plan. Soon enough, your kitten will return to the rambunctious ball of fluff you know and love.
Featured Image Credit: Markovets Svetlana, Shutterstock